Quercus suber | Santa Cruz
Cork Oaks (Quercus suber) can be found growing and thriving throughout Santa Cruz, and here we see a well-structured tree growing in San Lorenzo Park, near downtown. There are numerous Cork Oaks in the park, in several groves. Through much of their lives, the trees have been growing in turf, a condition not typically recommended for Cork Oak, as a variety of trunk and root diseases can occur. In this case, the survivability is likely linked to the fact that the park is essentially on the banks of the San Lorenzo river, with very fast-draining alluvial soils. With a small amount of detective work, Cork Oaks can be found throughout California, with arguably the largest growing in the fantastic soils of Davis, where examples have reached 5 feet or more in trunk girth. In recent decades, Cork Oak has been hamstrung in the California landscape due to its susceptibility to root disease when grown with girdled and circling roots, which, sadly, have been the rule of the California nursery industry for 50 years or more. The growth habit of Cork Oak also varies enormously, very much like California native Valley Oak, with growth habits ranging from very upright, to highly pendulous. As with any tree, pendulous types have limited utility in typical urban installations, due to the high levels of maintenance associated with maintaining clearances for pendulous species. Pendulous trees are also slow to put on height, which is a key goal of urban tree plantings.